Ranking The Most Important Indicators and Variables in urban Resilience of The Region 15 of Tehran

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Student of Geography and Urban Planning, , Tehran North Branch, Islamic Azad University,Tehran, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Geography, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Unit, Tehran, Iran

3 Professor, Department of Geography, Islamic Azad University,Yadgar Imam khomeyni Unit, Shahr e rey, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Introduction and Purpose: Urban resilience is the ability of an urban system in a spatial and temporal scale to maintain or a prompt return to the desirable performances of the past against disturbances (natural hazards) aiming at being stable through changes.
A city will be called resilient, when it is simultaneously capable of providing a balance between ecosystem and human functions, being flexible, having the power to be adaptive to uncertainty and unexpected events, as well as maintaining and investing on the existing potential opportunities.
Reducing the resilience in the cities has increased the vulnerability of the city system; As a result the small disruptions and shocks might lead to the crisis. Therefore, via considering the importance of the subject, the research seeks to promote a theoretical knowledge in the area of urban environments resilience.
Method: In this  study, descriptive and analytical research method has been  used to identify and compile effective elements  on urban resilience and from tools such as observation, questionnaire and statistical analysis tool of structural equations Lisrel.
Findings: The results obtained from the LISREL software indicate that the institutional and administrative, economic, social, as well as physical and infrastructural indices with the respective direct and positive coefficients of 0.96, 0.64, 0.24, and 0.13 are among the most important indicators in urban resilience.
Conclusion: The institutional - administrative index, which is the most influential component between resiliency elements, has a logical and meaningful correlation in relation to other components and the most correlation between the institutional - administrative indexes and the economic index is 0.62 that As a key factor, has a lot of influence on the other three indices and by strengthening this index, it is possible to improve and enhance other effective indicators on urban resilience in order to finally improve the overall level of urban resilience in the region.
 

Keywords


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