Leveling of Kashan City Areas Based on the Amount of Smart City Indicators

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor of Geography and Urban Planning, Payame Noor University, Central Tehran, Iran mahdebrahimi@yahoo.com (Corresponding Author

2 Master of Geography and Urban maryampakar2412@gmail.com

3 Master of Geography and Urban Planning samani.javad@yahoo.com


Introduction & Objective: One of the important concepts in the field of new urban planning is smart City development, which combines the benefits of using digital technologies in the life, activity and management of the urban environment. The present article seeks to study and level the areas of Kashan city based on the level of smart city indicators.
Method: This article is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-analytical in nature, in which indicators are examined both objectively and Subjectively. The indicators used in this article are based on a review of the background of the subject, including smart dynamics, smart economy, smart environment, smart governance, smart life and smart citizen. In the subjective dimension, the questionnaire method was used and in the objective dimension, the statistics of the responsible centers were used. Questionnaire data were collected and classified using stratified random sampling method and objective data were analyzed using TOPSIS technique and entropy weighting method.
Findings: The general results of the studies show that there is a clear difference between the regions of  Kashan in terms of having smart city indicators, among which regions 2 and 4 have a more favorable situation and region 5 has a more unfavorable situation. Regression analysis indicates that the smart life index with a beta coefficient of 0.68 is more effective in creating a smart city than other indicators and Pearson correlation analysis shows that there is a positive and significant relationship between this index and other indicators.
Conclusion: Regarding the development of Kashan city based on smart city indicators, it is necessary to pay special attention to low-ranking areas.


, Portugali, Y (2018). Smart Cities of the Future. European Physical Journal Special Topics, 214 (1).
-Bhavan, Manak., Shah.Zafar.Marg, Bahadur., (2016). Draft Indian standard, smart cities indicators lCS 13.020.20. Bureau of Indian Standards. Smart Cities Sectional Committee, Last Date for Comments: CED 59 (10000) WC
Caragliu, A. (2010). Smart Cities in Europe. 3rd Central European Conference in Regional Science – CERS. A13,L90, O18, R12.
Carlive, Kramattollah. (2003). Changes in social / cultural space of the industrial revolution in the
-Chourabi, H. Nam, T. Walker, S. Gil-Garcia, J. R., Mellouli, S., Nahon, K., ... & Scholl, H. J. (2012).Understanding smart cities: An integrative framework. In System Science (HICSS), 2012 45th Hawaii International Conference on (pp. 2289-2297). IEEE.
Dustdar. S.Nastic.s.&Skic.o. (2017).Smart Cities:The Internet of Thngs.People and systems .springer
Fortes, M.Z., Ferreira, V.H., Sotelo, G.G., Cabral, A.S., Correia, W.F., Pacheco, O.L.C (2018). Deployment of smart metering in the B´ uzios City. In Transmission & Distribution Conference and Exposition-Latin America (PES T&D-LA), 2014 IEEE PES. IEEE, 1–6.
Garsia, Alen (2015). Smart Cities: Definitions, Dimensions, Performance,and Initiatives.Journal of Urban Technology. 22 (1): 3-21.
Hooler, N., Justice, J., & McNutt, J (2014). Smart Cities Are Transparent Cities: The Role of Fiscal Transparency in Smart City Governance. Public Administration and Information Technology, Library of Congress Control Number: 2015944231: 69-86.
Nam, T., Pardo, T. A. (2011). Smart City as Urban Innovation: Focusing on Management, Policy, and Context. ICEGOV Tallin, Estonia.
Nam, T. &Pardo, T. A. (2009). Conceptualizing Smart City with Dimensions of Technology, People, and Institutions, in Proceedings of the 12th Annual Digital Government Research Confer33.ence, College Park, Maryland, June 12-15.
Navarro, José.Luis.Alfaro., Ruiz, Víctor.Raúl.López., Peña, Domingo.Nevado., (2016). The effect of ICT use and capability on knowledge-based cities. Journal of Cities, No.60, pp.272–280.
Toupto . B. (2010).Smart Mobility – Connecting Everyone: Trends.Concepts and Best Practices springer.
Toppeta, D (2017). The Smart City Vision: How Innovation and ICT Can Build Smart, Livable. Sustainable Cities. The Innovation Knowledge Foundation.
Smiler, J.Houel.g (2002). Cyberspace and cyberplace: Building the smart communities of tomorrow [Online]. San Diego Union-Tribune. Available: http://www.smartcommunities.org
Batty, M., Axhausen, K. W., Giannotti, F., Pozdnoukhov, A., Bazzani, A., Wachowicz, M., Ouzounis, G.