Identifying Cultural Factors Underlying the Spread of Divorce from the Perspective of Women and Presenting a Management Model to Reduce It (Case study: District 1 of Tehran Municipality)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Student in Cultural Affairs Management and Planning, Policy and Decision Making, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor and Faculty Member, Department of Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran (Corresponding Author)

3 Associate Professor and Faculty Member, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran.


The purpose of this study is to identify the cultural factors underlying the spread of divorce from the perspective of women in District One of Tehran Municipality. Descriptive research is survey, applied and mixed. The statistical population includes all women in district one of Tehran and the statistical sample includes 492 people according to the unlimited population with Cochran's formula. First, through semi-structured interviews with experts to obtain content validity, the cultural factors underlying divorce were extracted by Delphi method, and finally by preparing two questionnaires: a- researcher-made, b- proportionality of the research model and to obtain formal validity experimentally It was obtained from Cronbach's test with 0.97. Statistical analysis of the study was non-parametric binomial test, Friedman test and to determine the fit of the model, one-group t-test and confirmatory factor analysis and combined structural equations were used. Findings were generally examined with the approach of behavioral, structural, contextual (environmental) pathology, in the dimensions of individual, family, government and society, and each of the cultural factors, respectively; Inequality, lack of religious beliefs, cultural conflict, lifestyle, tourism, information and communication technology (cyberspace), education and lack of life skills training, life and urban luxuries, migration, cultural aggression and finally the media were identified and the management model A culture on individual behavior, family behavior, the structure of government institutions, the context of society was developed and presented to reduce divorce among women.


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