Fuzzy Multi-Objective Model of Closed-Loop Supply Chain Network in the Automotive Industry with an Urban Management Approach

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Industrial management, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran

2 Assistant professor, Department of Industrial management, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran

3 Assistant professor, Department of Industrial Engineering, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran


Introduction & Objective: The purpose of this study is to design a multi-objective model of fuzzy closed-loop supply chain network in the automotive industry with an urban management approach. Automobile manufacturing is a complex and energetic process that consumes significant amounts of raw materials and water. To continue the competition, major automotive equipment manufacturers must strive for better product quality by continuously improving their production process and directing low-carbon emissions and increasing sustainability. In this regard, reverse supply chain networks and closed loop chains have special features that are very useful in the industry under study.
Method: In the present study, in order to achieve the research objectives, a quantitative research method will be used and based on the purpose, it is defined in a practical way. In this study, we use the MOPSO method to facilitate its implementation and its ability to provide good convergence, as well as to maintain a proper balance between exploitation and exploration, as well as the NSGA II genetic algorithm.
Results: In the study of the findings of the proposed algorithms, it found that the average error resulting from these algorithms is less than 0.04. The results also show that the proposed algorithms have the necessary efficiency in solving these problems.
Conclusion: The notable results of our model are as follows: (1) an efficient closed-loop network that demonstrates the economic benefits of considering the value of time over the recycling of a worn product. (2) It has the ability to show the capacity to achieve maximum benefits in terms of cost value as well as the environmental perspective of what capacity it should maintain.


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