Allocation of Fire Stations by Hybrid Method (Case Study: Mashhad)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Civil Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

2 Civil Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (FUM)

3 Civil Engineering Department-Engineering Faculty-Ferdowsi University of Mashhad


Introduction & Objective of the research: One of the service centers that play an important role in the safety of the city is the fire stations. Prompt and timely access from these stations to the scene of the accident requires the optimal distribution of fire stations throughout the city. The study's purpose is to investigate the proper location of fire stations in the city of Mashhad using hybrid methods.
Research Method: This research is an applied goal and is descriptive-analytical in type. Layers of information The criteria for distance from existing fire stations, medical centers, roads, administrative centers and training centers in the spatial information system environment are prepared and weighted using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). Then, the overlap map of these criteria was classified into five classes and the first 20 points in the most suitable classes for the construction of the fire station were selected. Then, using genetic algorithms (GA) and particle swarm (PSO) and using the criteria of distance from sports centers, religious centers, gas stations and gas stations, cultural, historical and commercial centers, these 20 selected points were compared with each other and The optimal point for the construction of a fire station has been proposed.
Results: GA and PSO have proposed the same point with a fit function of 4.98 as the best place for the construction of a fire station in Mashhad.
Conclusion: The performance results of the two meta-heuristic algorithms show that according to the defined parameters for each of the algorithms, PSO reaches the optimal answer in less time than GA.


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