عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction and purpose: The development of educational and executive spaces that have been expanded interactively with the environment is a national need. To this end, assessing the potential of developing educational spaces based on the environment and green schools can be a big step towards achieving environmental protection and health in the country.
Method: In the current study, considering the purpose of evaluation (potential measurement of the development of green educational areas), two comprehensive phases have been used under the study framework. In the first phase, which includes data collection, the descriptive-survey method has been used in two stages of field and office study. The information collected in this phase was completed using expert personnel and questionnaires, and after classification, it entered the second phase of computer analysis. At this stage, 7 main criteria including human, social, land use, educational, environmental, population and green schools indicators were extracted, while each criterion includes different sub-criteria.
In the second phase, by using three decision-oriented approaches, including fuzzy-parametric, fuzzy-rank multi-criteria and BWM methods, the coefficients and priority degree of factors and evaluation criteria have been determined. The impact coefficients obtained from these approaches after normalization, have been entered into the GIS environment as different layers of information and potential maps have been prepared for district No. 2 of Tehran.
Findings: The prioritization of indicators shows that environmental and educational indicators have the highest score, and then land use and social indicators have taken the next ranks respectively. Based on the results, it can be said that there are currently 3 schools in this area that have been able to cover the middle belt of district No. 2 in question.
Conclusion: Based on the results of this research, it can be found that the indicators of green schools should be localized in accordance with the social, environmental and economic conditions of Iran, and if possible, a comprehensive model of the development of green schools in the 2nd district of Tehran, relying on the compatibility of the environment and also creating interaction with the environment for areas without coverage (required) should be prepared in cooperation with the Environment, Education and Culture Organization. Also, a comprehensive database should be prepared for the entire city of Tehran. In addition, the construction of environmental schools or the conversion of ordinary schools into green schools should be placed on the agenda of the School Development and Renovation Organization due to the energy crisis and global warming.