The Explanation of the Effect of BREEAM and lEED Indicators on School's Improvement With Ecological Approach (Case study: Secondary schools of desert provinces of Iran)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD student, Department of Architecture, Damghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Damghan, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Qom Branch, Shahab Danesh Non-Profit University, Qom, Iran. (Corresponding Author)

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Damghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Damghan, Iran


Introduction and Purpose: negative environmental consequences happened in the world, which is caused by the lack of proper attention to economic development and its impact on the natural environment. In this regard, there are different approaches related to green architecture that encourage designers to conserve energy, consider the local characteristics of the place, work with the users of the building and the surrounding communities, reduce the use of non-renewable resources, pay attention to the climate of the place, and be holistic. International standards in different countries have been developed based on these principles, among which we can refer to the LEED standard, which stands for Energy and Environmental Design Guide, and BREEAM, the building environmental quality assessment standard. The purpose of the current research is to compile BREEAM and LEED indicators on the improvement of schools with an ecological approach in secondary schools in the desert provinces of Iran.
Method: Descriptive-analytical method is used to evaluate the components and the statistical population includes secondary schools in desert provinces, which schools and their users were randomly selected to answer the questionnaires.
Findings: The coefficient of impact of waste, materials and resources, pollution, management, transportation and water efficiency on the improvement of schools is positive and significant with an emphasis on ecological approaches. Among the parameters, water is the first priority, and water efficiency is the second priority, materials and resources are the third priority, energy and atmosphere are the fourth priority, and transportation is the fifth.
Conclusion: The results of the present study, based on exploratory factor analysis, show that BREEAM and LEED indicators are suitable for evaluating school improvements.


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