عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction and Objective: The purpose of this study is to identify the role of neighborhood management in the social participation of citizens. Our study’s population included all residents of Tehran district 3 and among them, 400 people were selected through random sampling method. In order to identify the role of neighborhood management in the social participation of citizens, we used questionnaire as a research tool. A questionnaire of 47 questions is designed as a package, and each of the five-choice questions were scored by Likert scales. Before distributing the questionnaire and in order to assess the validity of questions, the questionnaire was experimentally distributed among 30 people of the population.
Methods: In this study, Cronbach's alpha was used to assess the reliability of the test. Out of a total of 453 distributed questionnaires in the Community, 400 questionnaires were returned. The data extracted were analyzed using SPSS software. The results showed a significant positive relationship between the management of neighborhood and social participation of citizens.
Findings: The results also suggested that there is a relationship between all elements of citizens’ participation and neighborhood management. When this relationship lies between developmental, social welfare and surveillance categories and safety programs, it is meaningful at the alpha level of less than 0.01. But when it lies between environmental categories and neighborhood management, at the alpha level of less than 0.05 that relationship is meaningful. Regression results showed that neighborhood management has an impact on social participation of citizens and on all aspects of social participation of citizens, and also that neighborhood management is a predictor of citizens’ social participation.