عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction and purpose of research: In geographic studies of province cities due to variation of spatial phenomena and their various features(such as population, extent, geographical area) it is not possible to study seprately, therefore the first step to study spatial phenomena of multiple characteristics is to classify them in homogeneous groups. Factor Analysis is one of the most complex and best methods for determining the most important factors which affects on the developement.
Research Method: In the peresent research the procedure is combination of correlation, documentation, analytical methods. in this study with using Amarnameh of year1385 of Fars province, 43 indicators of 23 cities of Fars province are break into six departments of industry,agriculture, health, cultural-religious and political-administrative. And in analysis 3 statistical techniques of Z-score, Factor Analysis and Cluster are used. And eventually the results are city classification based on Cluster Analysis method and is presented in the form of map.
Findings: Accordingly to the research, 43 chosen indicators were reduced to 6 factors that include 89.5 percent of variances. Among 6 factors social-economic factor is recognized as the best one and covers 59.5% of the variance and is the influential factor in the study. Then with using a Cluster method, cities of Fars province is classified in four homogenous groups in terms of developement levels. the city of Shiraz is in the first group( the most developed Fars province regions) and Farashband, Mrvdasht, Jahrom, Bavanat, Firooz abad, Ghir va karzin, Estahban, Khorambid, Arsanjan, Lamerd, Zarrindasht cities are in fourth group( the most deprived regions of Fars province).