عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Introduction and Objective: Evaluation of ecological capacity, is assessment of land inventory and potentials of land with clear and pre-planned criteria. These studies are used as a basis for decision-making and planning of land all over the world. Evaluation of the environment ecological capacity, is an intermediate step in land surveying process, in fact, land evaluation, provides fundamental information for the second phase, which includes selecting the most appropriate land use and land use management system. Since the purpose of land surveying is to determine the results of the physical, biological and socioeconomic for most appropriate and most likely land use choice in the planning area. The purpose of this study is evaluation of ecological capacity in villages of Lavasan City for different uses to determine which village is more suitable for which plan, and to save costs and resources in this area.
Method:This paper has tried to review the role of each village and set priorities to be addressed in these roles through the selection of indicators that are common among all ecological constructions. In the next step with considering the villages with ecotourism priority, review of various types of outdoor recreation and sightseeing was performed, and its role in economical development of village is studied. Finally solutions that will enhance economic development in these villages are investigated and provided.
Findings: According to the Studies and reviews on ecological capabilities of villages in Lavasan city and determination of their roles, the results confirm that the three villages of Afjeh, Barg-e-Jahan and Kond-e-Olia are categorized in Tourism Ecological Model. In this stage, each and every residential areas are evaluated according to the application models. An assessed residential area might be capable of being used for multiple land uses while in most cases it is not possible to implement more than one land use on that area. With this situation we have to prioritize various land uses and during this step, chose the best possible option for each residential area and organize its relevant applications.
Conclusion: According to the result of this study, there is potential for development of echo-tourism activities in Lavasan and few nearby rural areas. The researches show that among the 10 studied villages – whose ecological capacities were assessed – the three villages of Afjeh, Barg-e-Jahan and Kond-e-Olia are categorized in Tourism Ecological Model.
In this regard, with considering the natural and climatic features of Lavasan area – in comparison with other locations in region – it has more potential for special investments for creating new economical hubs.